• Bulgarian language course for beginners
    0%
  • 1 The Bulgarian alphabet - Cyrillic letters [0/2]
  • 2 The Bulgarian keyboard - how to type Cyrillic letters [0/2]
  • 3 Learn the Bulgarian pronunciation
  • 4 Greetings and how to say Hello in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 5 Say "Nice to meet you" in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 6 Learn the Bulgarian numbers [0/2]
  • 7 Telling the time in Bulgarian / reading the clock [0/2]
  • 8 Days of the week, seasons and months in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 9 Ask for directions in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 10 Weather and seasons in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 11 Learn to say I love you in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 12 Learn the colors in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 13 Expressing needs and opinions in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 14 Bulgarian food and drinks [0/2]
  • 15 Travel and transportation in Bulgarian [0/3]
  • 16 At the post office in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 17 At the doctors vocabulary in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 18 Personal description and emotions in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 19 Parts of the body in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 20 Household items in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 21 The family in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 22 The animals and the nature in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 23 Classroom vocabulary in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 24 Work related vocabulary in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 25 Countries and nationalities in Bulgarian [0/1]
  • The Bulgarian is a South Slavic language which is very close to Russian and Serbian. It is spoken by almost 9 million people all over the world and it is the national langage of Republic of Bulgaria. It is relatively easy to speak, but there are some sounds that are a little bit harder to pronounce. However, nothing is impossible, with a little bit of practice you will strart pronouncing it perfectly!

    Bulgarian pronunciation guide

    Don't be scared or worried, the good news is that there are pronunciation patterns which are really close to the English language.

    Where to put the stress?

    The stress in Bulgarian usually is not written and it could be anywhere in the word. So, you would have to memorize the right pronunciation of the word. So, listen carefully to native speakers and try to repeat them! In case that you wonder for a specific word, you can always check the dictionary.

    Study this lesson together with a teacher

    Studying on your own is not effective since nobody guides you and you do not receive any feedback. Ask help from one of our professional teachers!

    Get a free trial lesson!
    View teachers

    The Bulgarian alphabet pronunciation

    Vowels

    There are 6 vowels in the Bulgarian language:   а, ъ, о, у, е, и. When they are unstressed, they tend to be shorter and weaker. When they are stressed the sound is larger and stronger.

    Vowel Stressed Unstressed Bulgarian word
     А  a:     father or car  uh     stud  мравка (mravkuh)
     Ъ  uh    stud   a      about  ъгъл (ugal)
     О  more and score  weak "oo"  розов (rozov)
     У  rule and moon  weak "oh"  пушка (pushka)
     Е  pen and attend  weak "ee"  пепел  (pepel)
     И  machine and be  weak "eh"  мирише (mirishe)

     

    Consonants

    enlightenedWhen voiced consonants are in the end of the word they are pronounced as voiceless.

    Consonant Pronunciation Example
     Б (voiced)                               boy / po(in the end of the word)  боб                              
     В (voiced)  voice / half  вагон / красив
     Г (voiced)  good / cook  глог
     Д (voiced)  deer / part  добър 
     Ж (voiced)  pleasure / push  жираф
     З (voiced)  zoo / plus  зелен
     К  cactus  котка
     Л  love  лилав
     М  mother  майка
     Н  nothing  нов
     П  popular  популярен
     Р  race  рана
     С  start  сутрин
     Т  trick  този
     Ф  free  филм
     Х  horn  храна
     Ц  tsunami  царевица
     Ч  cheap  чорап
     Ш  sheep  широк
     Щ  pushed  щипка
     ь  doesn't have sound. Softens the pronunciation.  шофьор

     

    Some Bulgarian words with pronunciation

    Bulgarian Transcription English
     Здравей   Zdravei  Hello
     Град  Grad  City
     Държава  Darzhava  Country
     Добре дошъл  Dobre doshul!  Welcome!
     Човек  Chovek  Human
     Младост  Mladost  Youth

     

    Some Bulgarian phrases with pronunciation

    Bulgarian Transcription English
     Слънцето пече!  Slunceto peche!  The sun is shining!
     Страхотно си изкарахме!  Strahotno si izkarahme!  We had so much fun!
     Обичам да ям лютеница!  Obicham da yam lyutenitza!  I love eating lyutenitza!
     Приятен ден!  Priyaten den!  Have a great day!
     Бъди жив и здрав!  Budi zhiv i zdrav!  Be healthy and happy!
     Наздраве!  Nazdrave!  Cheers!

     

    enlightenedYou can find even more words and expressions in Bulgarian in each lesson of our course. All lessons have transcriptions and audio.