• Bulgarian language course for beginners
  • 1 The Bulgarian alphabet - Cyrillic letters [0/2]
  • 2 The Bulgarian keyboard - how to type Cyrillic letters [0/2]
  • 3 Learn the Bulgarian pronunciation
  • 4 Greetings and how to say Hello in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 5 Say "Nice to meet you" in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 6 Learn the Bulgarian numbers [0/2]
  • 7 Telling the time in Bulgarian / reading the clock [0/2]
  • 8 Days of the week, seasons and months in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 9 Ask for directions in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 10 Weather and seasons in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 11 Learn to say I love you in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 12 Learn the colors in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 13 Expressing needs and opinions in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 14 Bulgarian food and drinks [0/2]
  • 15 Travel and transportation in Bulgarian [0/3]
  • 16 At the post office in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 17 At the doctors vocabulary in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 18 Personal description and emotions in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 19 Parts of the body in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 20 Household items in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 21 The family in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 22 The animals and the nature in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 23 Classroom vocabulary in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 24 Work related vocabulary in Bulgarian [0/2]
  • 25 Countries and nationalities in Bulgarian [0/1]
  • The Bulgarian alphabet - Cyrillic letters


    1. Bulgarian alphabet flashcard Score -/-
    2. Connect the letter with the right pronunciation in Bulgarian Score -/-

    A complete list of the Cyrillic letters and their pronunciation

    The first thing you have to know about the Bulgarian language is that its alphabet is much more different than the English one. The Bulgarian language is a Southern Slavic language that uses the Cyrillic alphabet, similar to the Russian alphabet. At first you could be a little bit confused and it could take more time for you to learn the new letters and sounds, but it is not impossible. With some effort and desire you will achieve your goal. Here you can learn the Bulgarian alphabet free and with examples.

    In the table below you will find all the Bulgarian letters. You will also see example words in both Bulgarian and English, so that you can learn how to pronounce them correctly.

    Bulgarian letter Pronunciation  Sound in a word Meaning 
    1. А,а A,a -> alphabet  аз (az)  I
    2. Б,б B,b -> bus  боб (bob)   beans
    3. В,в V,v -> very  Варна (Varna)  Varna - city
    4. Г,г G,g -> good  грах (grah)  peas
    5. Д,д D,d - > day  дебел (debel)  fat
    6. Е,е E,e -> egg  елен (elen)  deer
    7. Ж,ж Zh, zh -> pleasure  жълт (zhult)  yellow
    8. З,з Z,z -> zoo  зелен (zelen)  green
    9. И,и I,i -> indoor  игла (igla)  needle
    10. Й,й Y,y -> yoga  йод (yod)  iodine
    11. К,к K,k -> keep  клон (klon)  branch
    12. Л,л L,l -> love  любов (luibov)  love
    13. М,м M,m -> many  момче (momhe)  boy
    14.Н,н N,n -> no  нос (nos)  nose
    15. О,о O,o -> olive  огън (ogan)  fire
    16. П.п P,p -> pot  парк (park)  park
    17. Р, р R,r -> red  розов (rozov)  pink
    18. С, с S,s -> sit  сливи (slivi)  plums
    19. Т,т T,t -> tree  този (tozi)   this
    20. У,у U,u -> ultra  мазут (mazuth)  fuel oil
    21. Ф,ф F,f -> far)  филм (film)  movie
    22. Х,х H,h -> hot  хълм (halm)  hill
    23.Ц,ц C,c -> citrus  цитрус (citrus)  citrus
    24. Ч,ч Ch,ch -> church  човек (chovek)  human
    25 Ш,ш Sh, sh -> shot, she  шише (shishe)  bottle
    26. Щ,щ Sht, sht -> pushed, washed  щанга (shtanga)  weight bar
    27. Ъ,ъ A,a -> ago  път (pat)  road
    28. Ь, ь not pronounced (softens the previous consonant)  синьо (sinyo) blue
    29. Ю,ю yu (you)  приют (priyut)  shelter
    30. Я,я ya (young)  пиян (piyan)  drunk


    Practice your pronunciation with these simple words

    • мама (mama) - mother
    • тати (tati) - father
    • дете (dete) - child
    • вода (voda) - water
    • цвете (cvete) - flower
    • небе (nebe) - sky
    • слънце (slance) - sunbulgarian for beginners



    Study this lesson together with a teacher

    Studying on your own is not effective since nobody guides you and you do not receive any feedback. Ask help from one of our professional teachers!

    Get a free trial lesson!
    View teachers

    There are 6 vocals:

    In the Bulgarian language there are 6 vocal letters. Look at them and study them using the table. You have to be very careful when you read and write , because in some words they sound the same.

    Opened Closed
        А  "a" Ъ "a" or "u"
        Е  "e" И  "i"
        О  "o" У "u"


    Consonants in the Bulgarian language:

    It will be easier for you to understand the difference in the pronunciation of the Bulgarian letter. Some of them have a soft sound and the others - a hard sound. There are words in which the two opposite sounds are pronounced in the same way. So, be aware of that. In these cases, you have to know how to write the word correctly.

    Voiced Silent
     Б  П
     В  Ф
     Г  К
     Д  Т
     З  С
     Ж  Ш
     ДЖ  Ч
     ДЗ  Ц


    yesThe Bulgarian alphabet song

    You can start practicing to hear and pronounce the Bulgarian alphabet right now, just listen to the Bulgarian alphabet song. On the second video you can see and hear the pronunciation of Bulgarian words.