• Turkish language course for beginners A1
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  • 1 Turkish greetings (hello, good morning, thank you,...) [0/2]
  • 2 Introduce yourself in Turkish [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish numbers and counting in Turkish [0/3]
  • 4 Time in Turkish (time, date, days, seasons) [0/2]
  • 5 Colours in Turkish [0/2]
  • 6 Directions, (north - south) in Turkish [0/2]
  • 7 The weather in Turkish [0/1]
  • 8 The countries, languages and nationalities in Turkish [0/4]
  • 9 Parts of the body in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10 The Turkish family [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish food and drinks [0/4]
  • 12 Turkish phrases, expressions and proverbs [0/2]
  • Turkish numbers and counting in Turkish

    Numbers in Turkish

    The Turkish numbers are indicated below. The Turkish cardinal numbers express How many? They're also known as counting numbers. Because they demonstrate quantity. 

    We’ll go over the cardinal numbers from zero to twenty and all the key numbers up to one thousand, then examine how ordinal numbers work in Turkish when it comes to the appropriate suffixes.

    Cardinal, nominal and counting numbers

    Cardinal numbers are known as the counting numbers in the Turkish language. There are 10 digits in the Turkish language. 

    1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-0 

    enlightenedCardinal numbers are followed by singular nouns. (beş ağaç - five trees)

    Counting in Turkish 1-100

    Numbers Turkish  English
    0 sıfır zero
    1 bir one
    2 iki two
    3 üç three
    4 dört four
    5 beş five
    6 altı six
    7 yedi seven
    8 sekiz eight
    9 dokuz nine
    10 on ten
    11 on bir eleven
    12 on iki twelve
    13 on üç thirteen
    14 on dört fourteen
    15 on beş fifteen
    16 on altı sixteen
    17 on yedi seventeen
    18 on sekiz eighteen
    19 on dokuz nineteen 
    20 yirmi twenty
    30 otuz thirty
    40 kırk fourty
    50 elli fifty
    60 altmış sixty
    70 yetmiş seventy
    80 seksen eighty
    90 doksan ninety
    100 yüz hundred

     

    Counting with Turkish numbers 1-100

    In Turkish, we always say the tens digit first, then the ones digit. 

    Some examples:  48: kırk sekiz  ( tens digit first; ones digit second. ) 

    Numbers Turkish English

    11

    on-bir = on bir

    eleven

    23

    yirmi-üç = yirmi üç

    twenty three

    34

    otuz-dört = otuz dört

    thirty four

    46

    kırk-altı = kırk altı

    fourty six

    59

    elli-dokuz = elli dokuz

    fifty nine 

    65

    altmış-beş = altmış beş

    sixty five

    71

    yetmiş-bir = yetmiş bir

    seventy one

    82

    seksen-iki = seksen iki

    eighty two 

    97

    doksan-yedi = doksan yedi

    ninety seven

    100

    yüz

    hundred

     

    Turkish numbers 1-1000

    Numbers Turkish English
    100 yüz one hundred
    200 iki yüz two hundred
    300 üç yüz three hundred
    400 dört yüz four hundred
    500 beş yüz five hundred
    600 altı yüz six hundred
    700 yedi yüz seven hundred
    800 sekiz yüz eight hundred
    900 dokuz yüz nine hundred
    1000 bin thousand

     

    Combined Turkish numbers

    Examples written in words

    888 = sekiz yüz + seksen + sekiz = sekiz yüz seksen sekiz

    Numbers Turkish English
    123 yüz yirmi üç one hundred twenty three
    265 iki yüz altmış beş two hundred sixty five
    348 üç yüz kırk sekiz three hundred fourty eight
    467 dört yüz altmış yedi four hundred sixty seven 
    593 beş yüz doksan üç five hundred ninety three
    609 altı yüz dokuz six hundred nine 
    790 yedi yüz doksan seven hundred ninety 
    888 sekiz yüz seksen sekiz eight hundred eighty eight
    911 dokuz yüz on bir nine hundred eleven 

     

    Cardinal Numbers

    Singular, one, once (bir, kere, defa)

    bir, kere, defa one, once
    bir ev one house, a house
    bir kere one time, one occurence, once
    bir defa one time, one occurence, once

     

    enlightenedNote: Turkish has no seperate word for ‘the’ (definite article). Hence every ‘absolute’ noun (i.e., the simple noun form with no suffix attached) may mean ‘X’ or ‘the X.’

    ev house (or) the house
    peynir cheese (or) the cheese
    üç çocuk (the) three children
    sekiz elma (the) eight apples

        

    One Half (Yarım)

    There are two common words for ‘one half

    Yarım is used when no other number is mentioned in the expression.

    Yarım Half
    yarım kilo  ½ kilogram  
    beş yüz gram 500 grams 
    yarım kilometre ½ kilometer
    beş yüz metre  500 metres
    yarım saat ½ hour
    otuz dakika  30 minutes

     

    Buçuk is used with numerals.

    buçuk Half
    bir buçuk saat 1½ hours
    on buçuk kilometre 10½ kilometres
    iki buçuk kilo  2½ kilos

     

    How many, much, many, few (Kaç, çok and az)

    Like the cardinal numbers, the ‘counting words’ kaç ‘how much?’ ‘how many?’ çok ‘much,’ ‘many,’ and az ‘few, ‘a little" are followed by singular nouns.

    Kaç? How many/much?
    Kaç lira?  How many liras?  
    Kaç dolar?  How many Euro?
    Kaç kuruş?  How many kuruş?
    Kaç kaşık şeker?  How many spoons of sugar?
    Kaç para?  How much money? 
    Kaç elma? How many apples?

                                    

    çok, az much, many, few, little
    az ev  few houses
    çok ev   many houses
    çok şeker  much sugar   
    çok az para  very little money
    biraz şeker  a little sugar  
    çok limon lots of lemons
    gazete  newspapers   
    az çok more or less 

                                

    Piece  (parça and tane)

    These two ‘counting words’ are to be distunguished from each other:

    parça ‘piece’ (one part, section, segment etc., of a whole);

    tane ‘piece’ (one manone house)

    Tane may be used after the cardinal numbers.

    Kaç tane? How many?
    Kaç parça ekmek? How many pieces of bread? (for ‘slice’ use dilim.)
    Kaç tane ekmek? How many ‘breads?’ how many loaves of bread?
    Kaç ev ?     How many houses?
    Kaç tane ev?    How many houses?
    Beş ev   five houses
    Beş tane ev      five houses
    Beş tane  five (of whatever is being counted)

     

    Ordinal Numbers

    Details of how to count in Turkish with cardinal and ordinal numbers.

    Numeral Cardinal Ordinal

    1st

    bir birinci
    2nd iki ikinci
    3rd üç üçüncü
    4th dört dördüncü
    5th beş beşinci
    6th altı altıncı
    7th yedi yedinci
    8th sekiz sekizinci
    9th dokuz dokuzuncu
    10th on onuncu
    20th yirmi yirminci
    30th otuz otuzuncu
    40th kırk kırkıncı
    50th elli ellinci
    60th altmış altmışıncı
    70th yetmiş yetmişinci
    80th seksen sekseninci
    90th doksan doksanıncı
    100th yüz yüzüncü
    1000th bin bininci

    Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers have a very important role in Turkish language.

    Summary:

    We learned numbers and counting in Turkish with playable examples. In order to practice, click on the exercises right below

     

    Exercises

    Counting with Turkish numbers from 1 - 20

    Exercises on the decimal numbers in Turkish (10-100)

    Exercise on writing with turkish unordered numbers 1-100