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We will learn the names of different colours in Turkish, including shades of colours. In Turkish, colours can be converted into different colours by adding suffix at the end of the colour stem. For example; colour/ımsı (Note! The suffix follows the vowel harmony imsi/ımsı. 'Yeşil' is green. When the suffix '-imsi' added to the stem, the colour converts into greenish, different shade of green.
The suffix is not always at the end of the stem. Reduplication form doesn't follow the rule. For example; yeşil / yemyeşil Yeşil is green and when prefix added front of the stem, the colour is transformed into another type of green.
In order to ask the question for colours, it is constructed similar way in English.
(elma: apple ne:what renk: colour)
|What colour is the apple?||Elma ne renk?|
The answer is also simple.
|The apple is red.||Elma kırmızı|
|The red apple||Kırmızı elma.|
|The Apple is red.||Elma kırmızı.|
Not ´Bir kırmızı elma´
The suffix -(i)mtrak is used to produce adjectives for quality of the colour.
|karamtrak||blackish, darkish, dusky|
|sarımtrak||yellowish, sallow, sallow|
|mavimtrak||blueish, blued, steel coloured|
The suffix -(i)msi is also used to produce adjectives for quality of the colour.
It does not follow any vowel harmony rules. In order to construct a reduplicated form of a color, first syllable of the color is taken and one of those consonants p, m, s, r attached at the end of the syllable. The new syllable, which is formed by taking one of the consonants of the word p, m, s, r is added to begining of the color. Example table below will help you to understand better.
|pembe||pink||pespembe||light (dusty) pink|
On this page we learned about Turkish colours, colour tones and reduplicated colours with audio supported examples. Doing exercises will be helpful to understand better.
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