• Turkish language course for beginners A1
  • 1 Turkish greetings (hello, good morning, thank you,...) [0/2]
  • 2 Introduce yourself in Turkish [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish numbers and counting in Turkish [0/3]
  • 4 Time in Turkish (time, date, days, seasons) [0/2]
  • 5 Colours in Turkish [0/2]
  • 6 Directions, (north - south) in Turkish [0/2]
  • 7 The weather in Turkish [0/1]
  • 8 The countries, languages and nationalities in Turkish [0/4]
  • 9 Parts of the body in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10 The Turkish family [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish food and drinks [0/4]
  • 12 Turkish phrases, expressions and proverbs [0/2]
  • Colours in Turkish

    We will learn the names of different colours in Turkish, including shades of colours. In Turkish, colours can be converted into different colours by adding suffix at the end of the colour stem. For example; colour/ımsı (Note! The suffix follows the vowel harmony imsi/ımsı. 'Yeşil' is green. When the suffix '-imsi' added to the stem, the colour converts into greenish, different shade of green.

    The suffix is not always at the end of the stem. Reduplication form doesn't follow the rule. For example; yeşil / yemyeşil  Yeşil is green and when prefix added front of the stem, the colour is transformed into another type of green.

    • Main colours (black, white, red etc.)
    • ColourISH (greyish, reddish, bluish etc.)
    • Value of colours (dark, light, etc.)
    • Reduplication (scarlet, livid, snowy)

    Turkish colors

    English Turkish


    White Beyaz
    Red Kırmızı
    Blue Mavi
    Orange Turuncu
    Green Yeşil
    Purple Mor
    Pink Pembe
    Brown Kahverengi
    Yellow Sarı
    Grey Gri
    Color Renk
    Light Açık
    Dark Koyu


    In order to ask the question for colours, it is constructed similar way in English.

    (elma: apple ne:what renk: colour)

     English Turkish
     What colour is the apple? Elma ne renk? 


    The answer is also simple.

    English: Turkish
    The apple is red. Elma kırmızı


    enlightenedHowever, note the difference in the word ordering. Colours can be a noun or an adjective according to the position in a sentence.

        English Turkish:
    The red apple Kırmızı elma.
    The Apple is red. Elma kırmızı.

     Not ´Bir kırmızı elma´ yes

    Turkish colour palette 

    Tones of colours

    The suffix -(i)mtrak is used to produce adjectives for quality of the colour.

    enlightened This suffix always retains the form -mtrak and does not follow the vowel harmony rules.

    Turkish English
    karamtrak blackish, darkish, dusky
    sarımtrak yellowish, sallow, sallow
    mavimtrak blueish, blued, steel coloured


    The suffix -(i)msi is also used to produce adjectives for quality of the colour.

    Turkish English
    morumsu purplish
    mavimsi bluish
    sarımsı yellowish


    enlightenedThis suffix follows vowel harmony rules.

    Reduplicated colours 

    It does not follow any vowel harmony rules. In order to construct a reduplicated form of a color, first syllable of the color is taken and one of those consonants p, m, s, r attached at the end of the syllable. The new syllable, which is formed by taking one of the consonants of the word p, m, s, r is added to begining of the color. Example table below will help you to understand better.

    Turkish English Emphasis-Turkish Emphasis-English
    siyah black simsiyah pitch black
    beyaz white bembeyaz snow white
    kırmızı red kıpkırmızı bright red
    mavi blue masmavi bright blue
    yeşil green yemyeşil bright green
    mor purple mosmor deep purple
    pembe pink pespembe light (dusty) pink
    sarı yellow sapsarı bright yellow



    On this page we learned about Turkish colours, colour tones and reduplicated colours with audio supported examples. Doing exercises will be helpful to understand better.


    Flipchart exercises on the main colours in Turkish

    Fill in the gap exercise on the colours in Turkish