In this lesson, we will learn the list of countries, the nations and the languages from all over the world. Do you want to learn how to ask where someone is from and say where you are from? You have come to right place. Keep reading.
As a start, here is an example from one of the most basic conversation about countries and nationalities.
|Where are you from?||Siz nerelisiniz?|
|I am from Argentina||Ben Arjantinliyim|
|What is your nationality?||Hangi millettensiniz?|
|I am Turkish||Ben Türküm|
On the table below we can see the countries and nationalities more detailed.
|Country name / English||Country name / Turkish|
|Northern Cyprus||Kuzey Kıbrıs|
|China||Çin (Halk Cumhuriyeti)|
|Hong Kong||Hong Kong|
|New Zealand||Yeni Zelanda|
|Saudi Arabia||Suudi Arabistan|
|South Africa||Güney Afrika|
|Sri Lanka||Sri Lanka|
|United States of America (USA)||Amerika Birleşik Devletleri (ABD)|
|Flags / E.U countries||Turkish|
|The U.K.||Birleşik Krallık|
|Czech Republic||Çek Cumhuriyeti|
|Turkish Cypriot||Kıbrıs Türkü|
|Greek Cypriot||Kıbrıslı Rum|
|Hong Kong||Hong Konglu|
|(North) Korean||(Kuzey) Koreli|
|(South) Korean||(Güney) Koreli|
|New Zealand||Yeni Zelandalı|
|South African||Güney Afrikalı|
|Sri Lankan||Sri Lankalı|
Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq and Syria. Bulgaria and Greece border each other as well to the northwest of Turkey. Armenia is in-between Georgia and Azerbaijan to the east of Turkey. Iran is just south of Azerbaijan and next to Iraq.
|The border countries|
The names of the languages in Turkish are listed below.
In Turkish, the name of the nation is usually the same as the name of the language it belongs to. The people who live in the countries and the languages they speak are usually same and the name of the language is constructed by adding suffix; "çe or "ça". But this is not a rule.
What language do you speak? / Hangi dili konuşuyorsun?
I speak Turkish. / Ben Türkçe konuşuyorum.
On this page we learned about foreign countries, languages and nationalities in Turkish with audio supported examples. Doing exercises will be helpful to understand the topic better.
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