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Do you want to learn how to ask the time in Turkish? Yes? You have come to right place!
Here in this lesson, we will learn how to tell the time in the Turkish language. We will also learn the days of the week, the months and how to ask the date and the seasons in the Turkish language.
There's more than one way to ask the time in Turkish.
What time is it? -specifying the time-
At what time? -something will take a place-
Both forms of asking the time follows vowel harmony rules.
Let´s start with the simple dialog sentences about time, the question and different answers.
|What time is it?||Saat kaç?|
|It is ten o´clock.||Saat on (10).|
It is used to express the present time.
(Saat / hour) (Saat dört)
Saat hours-i çeyrek geçiyor. (Note the vowel harmony rules for the suffix -i)
|03:15||Saat üçü çeyrek geçiyor|
|05:15||Saat beşi çeyrek geçiyor|
|10:15||Saat onu çeyrek geçiyor|
|18:15||Saat altıyı çeyrek geçiyor|
|21:15||Saat dokuzu çeyrek geçiyor|
The vowel harmony rule does not apply for this.
|03:30||Saat üç buçuk|
|05:30||Saat beş buçuk|
|10:30||Saat on buçuk|
|18:30||Saat altı buçuk|
|21:30||Saat dokuz buçuk|
Saat hours-i çeyrek var. (Note the vowel harmony rules for the suffix -e)
|03:45||Saat dörde çeyrek var|
|05:45||Saat altı(y)a çeyrek var|
|10:45||Saat on bire çeyrek var|
|18:45||Saat yediye çeyrek var|
|21:45||Saat ona çeyrek var|
From the exact hour to half past, you say the time as minutes past hour. From half past to the next hour, convention is to sat the time as minutes to hour.
We use this to specify the time when something will happen or take place.
"Saat" / hour + / "da/de/ta/te"
On the hour-Turkish
Let´s start with the days of the week and months.
A simple conversation about a day of the week would be like the following:
Let´s examine the vocabularies of the sentences first.
bu: this / gün:day / bugün: today / günler: days / günlerden: / from the days (also means among the days) ne: what
What´s the day?
|Bugün günlerden ne?|
|Today is Monday.||Bugün günlerden pazartesi.|
To ask the date, you say: -Bugünün tarihi ne? -14 Temmuz 2004.
bugün --> today tarih --> date bugünün tarihi --> today´s date ne --> what
The answer doesn´t need detailed explanation. The day number, followed by month´s name and finally the year.
Let´s see the words for the seasons and the translations in Turkish:
|bahar / ilkbahar|
|fall, autumn||sonbahar or güz|
We learned about time in Turkish on this page, asking time or date and about seasons. Studying on exercises will be helpful to understand better and for practice.
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