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The Croatian language is the official language in two countries ( Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina) and also the language, which is easily understandable in Serbia and Montenegro. If you manage to learn it, you will be able to speak in 4 countries. What are you waiting for? :)
Even though Croatia is a relatively small country, it has three main dialects, which means that Croatians from different parts might have understanding problems. Division would be:
The Croatian alphabet consists of 30 letters in total and differs from standard Latin due to the following letters.
In 30 letters, there are 5 vowels ( a, e, i, o, u) and 25 consonants. Each sound is represented by a single letter as you will be able to hear in the upcoming lessons.
A, E, I, O, U
As in every language, it's crucial to learn the basics of the alphabet. As already mentioned, Croatian has 5 vowels, which are presented in the table below. Comparing to English, you should pronounce it as it's written.
|Letters||Croatian examples||English translation|
|A, a||avion, antena||airplane, aerial|
|E, e||erupcija, eukaliptus||eruption, eucalyptus|
|I, i||igla, ikona||needle, icon|
|O, o||oko, otvarač||eye, opener|
|U, u||ulov, ubod||catch, bite|
B, C, Č, Ć, D, DŽ, Đ, F, G, H, J, K L, LJ, M, N, NJ, P, R, S, Š, T, U, V, Z, Ž
As already mentioned in this lesson, Croatian has 25 consonants, which will be displayed as follows. Comparing to English, you pronounce it as it's written.
Pay attention not to mix pronunciation of "c" with "k", and to always pronounce the letter "h".
|Croatian consonants||Examples||English translation|
In this lesson you will deal with the usage of these unfamiliar letters in Croatian alphabet which could be quite confusing for beginners. Firstly, we will start with the letters which have two characters: nj, lj and dž.
|NJ, nj - consists N and J||like ni in "minion"|
|LJ, lj - consists L and J||like lli "billon"|
|DŽ, dž - consists D and Ž||like j in "Jefree" ( bit harder)|
Even the Croatian native speakers are confused when it's about mentioned letters. What is the difference? When should I use Č and when Ć?
Č is mostly referred as a harsh/hard one whereas ć is soft. The main difference between them is the pronunciation. Unfortunately, there is no exact English equivalent to "Ć" whereas "Č" sounds like ch in words such as "charming" or "matching".
The distinction is pretty much the same between "DŽ" and "Đ". As in the previous subtitle, there is no exact English equivalent to đ whereas for "DŽ" is pronounced like j in "joy" ( only slightly harsher/harder). In order to produce "soft" sounds ( ć, đ) your tongue should be placed right behind your front teeth. Regarding the words with dž they are mostly originaly from Turkish and English language.
Last but not least, "Š" and "Ž" are letters, which are quite easier to understand and pronounce. Comparing to previous letters, there is only one version of "Š" = like sh in "shopping" and "Ž" is like s in "treasure" .
|Croatian letters||Croatian examples|
|Š, š||like sh in "shopping"|
|Ž, ž||. like s in "treasure"|
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