• Dutch grammar
  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure [0/12]
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • In this chapter you will find the explanation of the Dutch relative clauses. These clauses say something about a certain person, event or thing that can be found in the main clause. 

    Definition and usage of the Dutch relative clauses 

    The relative clauses are used to refer to something in the main clause. The clauses begin with a relative pronoun or adverb. The part before the relative pronoun or adverb is normally the main clause. 


    • Dit is de jurk die ik vroeger droeg. (This is the dress I used to wear.)
    • Dat is de jongen aan wie ik mijn ijsje gaf. (This is the boy, to whom I gave my ice cream.)
    • De kamer welke gebruikt wordt als studeerkamer. (The room that is used as a study room.)

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    1) Relative clauses with a relative pronoun

    The following table gives you an overview of the relative pronouns that can be used in a relative clause and when they are used:

    Relative pronoun



    Dat Refers to a 'het-noun'.   Het huis dat ik gekocht heb. The house that I bought. 
    • After an undefined pronoun.
    • After a superlative. 
    • After an entire sentence. 
    • Het enige wat ik wil is een goed ontbijt.
    • Het beste wat jou kan overkomen, is een nieuwe start.
    • Ik ben om zes uur opgestaan, wat best wel vroeg is.
    • The only thing I want is a good breakfast. 
    • The best thing that could have happened to you is a fresh start. 
    • I got up at six, which is quite early.
    Die Refers to a 'de-noun'.  Ik wil later een man die een goede baan heeft. When I grow up, I want a man who has a good job. 
    Wie Use after a preposition. De jongen aan wie ik mijn ijsje gaf. The boy to whom I gave my ice cream. 
    Welke Refers to a 'de-noun'. (often too formal) De kamer welke gebruikt wordt als studeerkamer. The room which is used as a study room. 
    Hetwelk (Liever wat gebruiken) Refers to a het-noun or a whole sentence. (obsolete) Zij beweerde een grote kamer te hebben, hetwelk ook bleek toen ik bij haar thuis kwam.  She claimed to have a big room, which turned out to be true when I visited her house. 
    Hetgeen (Liever wat gebruiken) Refers to an entire sentence. (obsolete) Wij gingen vrijdagavond naar een discotheek, hetgeen wij een aangenaam tijdverdrijf vinden.  We went to a disco on friday night, which we find a pleasant way to spend our time. 

    2) Relative clauses with a relative adverb 

    The following table shows you a few examples of the relative adverbs that can be used in a relative clause.

    Relative adverb Example Translation
    Waar Dat is het huis waar ik mijn hele leven gewoond heb.  That is the house where I lived my entire life. 
    Vanwaar Daar is de straat, vanwaar hij kwam.  There is the street from where he came. 
    Waarop Dat is het paard, waarop ik heb gezeten. That is the horse, upon which I sat. 

    Test your knowledge of the Dutch relative clauses with the exercises below.