• Dutch grammar
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  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure [0/12]
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Dutch main clauses

    Exercises

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    1. Exercise Dutch main clauses 1 Score -/-
    2. Exercise Dutch main clauses 2 Score -/-

    In this subchapter you will learn about the Dutch main clauses. The main clauses are independent sentences. To understand the main clauses, the word order must be explained. 

    Dutch word order  

    To understand the word order in the Dutch language, we divide the sentence in six different sections. The table below shows the different sections and what words can be placed there. 

    Place 1. First position 2. Verb 3. Subject 4. Middle part 5. Last verb place 6. Final position 
    What words can take the places. 
    • Subject 
    • Object 
    • Adverbs 
    • Question words
    • Always taken by the verb, except when asking a 'yes/no' question, because the first position will be empty.
    • The subject if It is not placed on the first position.
    • This position can contain all the other possible sentence parts (adverbs, pronouns, objects, object pronouns etc.). 
    • Past participle
    • Infinitive 
    • The prefix of a separable verb
    • Prepositional phrases 
    • Subclauses 
    • 'Om' + 'te' + infinitive 

    The main clause is an independent sentence. The Dutch main clause contains the most important elements: the subject and verb. The object or another verb can be added to the main clause as well. Below you will find the word order of Dutch main clause sentences.  

    Only subject and finite verb in Dutch sentence 

    There could be only a subject and verb in a Dutch basic sentence.  

    1. Subject 2. Finite verb Translation
    De bel ging. The bell rang. 

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    Subject, verb and object in Dutch sentence 

    To give more meaning to a sentence an object can be added, called 'het lijdend voorwerp' in Dutch.

    1. Subject 2. Finite verb 3. Object Translation
    Zij koopt de bloemen. She buys the flowers.

    Subject, finite verb, object and more verbs in Dutch  

    The Dutch language also sometimes adds a verb at the end of the sentence. This is usually the past perfect or infinitive.  

    1. Subject 2. Finite verb 3. Object 4. Past perfect / infinitive Translation
    Zij heeft de bloemen gekocht. She has bought the flowers. 

    enlightenedThe time and place are put behind the finite verb, time before place.  

    The subordinate clause is dependent on the main clause and connected through conjunctions. The first verb in these type of clauses is usually at the end of the sentence.  

    Train your skills with the Dutch sentence structure exercises below!