Dutch interrogatives (questions)
How to form questions in Dutch?
The Dutch sentence questions are formed by having the verb and the subject switch places.
Finite verb + subject + the rest of the sentence
Below you will find a table showing you examples.
|Ga jij naar huis vandaag?||Are you going home today?|
|Ben ik met de fiets gekomen?||Did I come by bike?|
|Hadden jullie gisteren een film gekeken?||Did you watch a movie yesterday?|
|Helpen jullie ons met huiswerk?||Do you help us with homework?|
Note that if you write a question with the second person singular, for example 'werk jij?', the '–t' disappears. This exception does not count for 'u' (formal you), for example 'werkt u?', the '-t' stays.
The Dutch language consists of multiple different question words. It can be an interrogative pronoun, an asking adverb, or an interrogative pronominal adverb. These question words are usually placed at the beginning of a question sentence.
Question word + finite verb + subject + the rest of the sentence
1. Dutch interrogative pronouns
|Wie (who)||Wie is zij?||Who is she?|
|Wat (what)||Wat doe je?||What are you doing?|
|Welke (which)||Welke bus neem je naar huis?||Which bus do you take home?|
|Wat voor (what kind of)||Wat voor weer is het vandaag?||What kind of weather is it today?|
'Welk' (what) or 'welke' (which) depends on the noun that follows. 'Welk' is used for singular 'het-nouns' and 'welke' is used for singular and plural 'de-nouns'.
2. Dutch asking adverbs
|Waar (where)||Waar woon je?||Where do you live?|
|Wanneer (when)||Wanneer ga je naar de tandarts?||When are you going to the dentist?|
|Hoe (how)||Hoe kom je naar mijn feestje?||How do you come to my party?|
3. Dutch interrogative pronominal adverb
|Interrogative pronominal adverb||Example||Translation|
|Waarom (why)||Waarom is de dierentuin dicht?||Why is the zoo closed?|
|Waarmee (with what)||Waarmee kan ik je helpen?||How can I be of assistance?|
|Waarvan (of what)||Waarvan heb je een foto gemaakt?||What did you take a picture of?|
'Hoeveel' (How much) is an asking word that should be answered with a countable word:
- Question: 'Hoeveel gaat het kosten' (How much is it going to cost?)
- Answer: 'Zes euro alstublieft.' (Six euros please.)
Train your skills with the exercises about questions below.
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
Online Dutch classes
I teach: Dutch
Hello!My name is Guus Weltings. I am 21 years old and I am currently living in the Netherlands. Currently I'm speaking two languages (Dutch... and English), and learning two others (Spanish and German), so I am very familiar with the process!Dutch can be used in more countries than you think! It is an official language in Aruba, Brussels, Curaçao, Flanders, Sint Maarten and Suriname. The Dutch culture is very diverse and full of foreign influences. I can help you learn all you want about our country and culture, and have fun doing so! Of course, if you just want to practice your Dutch by having conversations I can help you as well.We can start off with a free trial class in which we will get to know each other and make a planning for the topics that you want to learn. After our trial class we could start right away with your first class!I hope to see you soon! Tot snel!Guus Read more
Dutch language lessons from beginner to advanced
I teach: Dutch
Hi! I live in Germany since 2014, I live in the Frankfurt am Main area. I teach German to refugees since the beginning of 2017 and I have been... teaching Dutch at several language schools, at peoples homes and in-house at several companies. I passed the C1-level Test for German at the Goethe Institut. It is my goal to adapt my lessons as much as possible to the wishes of the student. This means that, besides offering regular learning methods, I am open to initiatives like talking about subjects that are of interest to the student, for example reading and discussing articles, watching and discussing educational videos and/or current happenings in the world. I look forward to meeting you online! Read more
Very experienced teacher!
English lessons all levels
I teach: Dutch, English, French, German
Hello,I would love to help you improve your knowledge of English.I adapt the lessons following your wishes : are you a beginner and need to get... some basic knowledge with grammar and easy texts or do you want to improve your conversation skills. I can help you either way.Looking forward to meeting you ! Read more