• German course for beginners
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  • 1 The German alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 German greetings (Hello in German) [0/3]
  • 3 Introduction in german (talking about yourself) [0/2]
  • 4 Counting in German (cardinal and ordinal numbers) [0/3]
  • 5 The Time in German (hours and minutes in German) [0/3]
  • 6 Days of the weeks, months and seasons in German [0/3]
  • 7 Colours in German (blue, green, yellow...) [0/3]
  • 8 Asking for directions in German [0/3]
  • 9 The weather in German (sun, rain, temperature...) [0/3]
  • 10 Family members in German (parents, siblings...) [0/3]
  • 11 Body parts in German [0/3]
  • 12 Countries in German (Europe, Asia, Africa, America) [0/5]
  • 13 Ordering in Germany (restaurant, waiter, dinner) [0/3]
  • 14 German travel phrases [0/3]
  • 15 Grocery shopping in Germany [0/3]
  • 16 German proverbs [0/3]
  • 17 Animal names in German (pets, mammals, birds, ...) [0/4]
  • 18 Clothing in German (shoes, accessories, ...) [0/2]
  • 19 Happy birthday in German (parties and congratulations) [0/3]
  • 20 I love you in German (emotions and feedback) [0/3]
  • 21 Needs and opinions in German (polite requests) [0/4]
  • 22 Hobbies in German (sports and games) [0/3]
  • 23 House, room, furniture vocabulary in German [0/3]
  • 24 Descriptions in German (appearance and characteristics) [0/5]
  • 25 Business vocabulary in German (work and negotiations) [0/3]
  • 26 Going to the doctor and health vocabulary in German [0/3]
  • 27 School vocabulary in German (subjects and persons) [0/3]
  • 28 Places of interest German (post office, infrastructure) [0/3]
  • 29 Nature words in German (parks and outdoor) [0/2]
  • Learn the German alphabet

    Knowing the alphabet is very important when learning a new language. It plays a big role during the learning process in multiple ways. Once you are familiar with the German alphabet and its pronunciation, learning the German language won't be that difficult for you anymore.

    The German alpabet is not as complicated as it probably seems. The German alphabet consists in 26 letters, those letters are the same as in English. However the German alphabet has four extra letters, that I will explain to you in the following part.

    German alphabets with pronunciation

    It's time to look at the alphabtet in more details. In the following list you can not only learn how to pronounce the german letters, also there are some examples. Remember to practice the pronunciation in order to maximise your skills and knowledge.

    German letters Pronunciation German word with translation
    a ah Arm (arm)
    b beh Bruder (brother)
    c tseh Celsius (celsius)
    d deh Dienstag (Tuesday)
    e eh essen (to eat)
    f eff Familie (family)
    g geh Gold (gold)
    h hah Haus (house)
    i ih Idee (idea)
    j yott Januar (january)
    k kah Kaffee (coffee)
    l ell Lampe (lamp)
    m emm Mann (man)
    n enn Nase (nose)
    o oh Ozean (ocean)
    p peh Pause (pause)
    q kuh Quelle (source)
    r err Regen (rain)
    s ess schön (pretty)
    t teh Telefon (telephone)
    u uh Uhr (clock)
    v fau Vater (father)
    w veh Wilkommen (welcome)
    x iks Xylophon (xylophone)
    y ypsilon Yoga (yoga)
    z tzett Zeitung (newspaper)

    Here you can listen to the pronounciation of the whole alphabe:

    a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z


    enlightenedQuick reminder

    • The W sounds like V in English
    • The V sounds like F in English 

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    German special characters

    In German we have four special characters (Sonderzeichen):

    Sonderzeichen Approximate Sound in English Example
    ä like the "e" in melon ängstlich, ähnlich, Mädchen
    ö like the "i" in girl Löwe, Möwe, Österreich
    ü no comparable sound in English müde, Übung, Rübe
    ß double "s" sound (sharp s) Straße, heiß, Spaß

     

    German Spelling

    Diphthongs are combinations of two vowels (gliding vowels). Some of them sound very similar:  

    Diphthonge Approximate Sound in English Example

    ai

    like

    Mai

    äu, eu

    boy

    Bäume, deutsch

    au

    house

    Daumen

     

    There are several consonant combinations in the german language: 

    Consonant combination

    Approximate Sound in English 

    Example

    ch

    hue

    Bach 

    sch

    shoe 

    Schuh

    sp 

    sh + p 

     Spaß 

    st

    sh + t

    Stange

     

    How to type German characters

    Most of you probably don't have a German keyboard. For the exercises, that are spread through all our chapters, it is really important that you know how to type the German special characters:

    For all the combinations you have to press the ALT key while typing.

    • 0196 for Ä 
    • 0228 for ä
    • 0214 for Ö
    • 0246 for ö
    • 0220 for Ü
    • 0252 for ü
    • 0223 for ß

    German alphabet song

    You still have problems pronouncing the German alphabet? Listening to the following video will help you learning the pronounciation of the German alphabet!

    yes I hope you have enjoyed this lesson! It's now your time to shine! Go and test yourself with our fun and engaging short exercises. See you soon!