Dutch negation

Exercises

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  1. Exercise Dutch negation 1 Score -/-
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'Niet' (not) and 'geen' (no), these two words indicate that the Dutch sentence is negative. However, these translations differ on the sentence. In Dutch the verb 'to do' is not necessary to make the sentence negative, unlike in English.  

When to use 'geen'? 

  1. For a negating a noun, that would have needed 'een' (a/an) when it was not a negative sentence. 
  2. For nouns that are plural and uncountable that did not have an article in front.  
SituationExampleTranslation
Noun (that needed 'een')Ik heb geen auto.I have no car.
Noun (plural/uncountable)Ik heb vandaag geen lessen.I do not have classes today.

When to use 'niet'? 

  1. For elements that are not nouns, such as verbs, adjectives, thoughts.  
  2. For nouns that are followed by a definite article or possessive pronoun. 
SituationExampleTranslation
Not nounsIk loop niet.I do not walk.
Nouns followed by definite article or possessive pronounDat is niet mijn glas.That is not my glass.

enlightened The placement of 'niet' depends on what you are trying to negate.  

  1. When negating something particular 'niet' has to be right before it. 
  2. Or where the time, place or manner is usually put.  

Other negations 

NegationTranslationExamplesTranslation
niet meer / geen...meer

no(t) ... anymore

no(t) ... longer

  • Hij studeert niet meer aan de universiteit
  • Mijn paarden hebben geen water meer in hun waterbak.
  • He is no longer a student at the university.
  • My horses have no water anymore in the water basin.
nog niet / nog geenno(t) ... yet
  • Valentin heeft nog geen geliefde.
  • Ze zijn nog niet thuis van hun feest.
  • Valentin has no lover yet.
  • They are not home from their party yet.
nooitnever
  • Je hebt nog nooit buiten Europa gereisd.
  • Je komt er nooit op tijd.
  • You have never travelled outside Europe.
  • You never get there on time.
nietsnothing
  • We hebben niets gepland.
  • De dieven konden niets meenemen.
  • We have not planned anything.
  • The thieves couldn't take anything with them.
noch...nochneither... nor...
  • Deze man is noch mijn naaste, noch de uwe.
  • Ik houd niet van salade noch van tomaten.
  • This man is neither my neighbour nor yours.
  • I love neither salad nor tomatoes.

enlightenedPay attention,' geen meer' is always separated by a name whereas 'niet meer' is never separated.

Train your skills by doing the exercises below!